Friday, May 15, 2009

Sthanika Brahmins


Sthanika Brahmins
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Sthānika Brahmins 


(ಸ್ಥಾನಿಕ ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಣರು)
Total population
30,000(estimate)
Regions with significant populations
Indian states of Karnataka,Maharashtra,Kerala
Languages

Kannada, Tulu
Religion

Hinduism
Divisions based on Sampradaya: 
Smarthas
Divisions based on Veda: 
Rigvedi


Sthānika Brāhmins (Kannada: ಸ್ಥಾನಿಕ ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಣರು) are Smartha Brahmins, and come under the classification of Tuluva Brahmins; The belong to Pancha-Drāvida Brahmin Community. The Kuladevatha of Sthānika Brahmin's is Subramanya. Hence Sthānika Brahmins are also called Subramanya Sthānika Brāhmins.In the year 1924 Sringeri Sri Sharada Peetham had given a notification that ,this sect of Smaratha Brahmins from South Canara can be called as Subramanya Sthānika Brāhmins. Sthānika Brāhmins are followers of Sri Adi Shankaracharya and follow the Advaitha philosophy and are shishya's of Dakshinamnaya Sringeri Sharada Peetham. His Holiness Jagadguru Sri Shankaracharya of Dakshinamnaya Sringeri Sharada Peetham is their Kulaguru. Sthānika's acquired their name owing to their managerial positions. The word Sthānika is purely a sanskrit word and has meanings such as Governor of the place, Tax collector, One who holds Managerial position, People of Local place etc. The Importance of Sthānika's is also explained in Chānakya's Artha Shastra [1]. [2] [3] [4] [5]Contents [hide]
1 Caste
2 Language
3 Gotras
4 Surnames
5 Geographic distribution
6 Population
7 Sthānika's Today
8 Deities and festivals
9 Food
10 Temples
11 Associations
12 Publications
13 Famous Personalities
14 References
15 External links


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Caste

Sthānika's are the subsect of Smartha Brahmin caste of Hinduism.

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Language

The Sthanika Brahmin's mother tongue is Tulu and Kannada; However they speak a different dielect of Tulu unique to their community called Brahmin Dielect.

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Gotras
Angirasa
Agastya
Atri
Bharadwaja
Kashyapa
Vishwamitra
Bhargava

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Surnames

The common surnames are:
Ayya or Aiah (Similar to Iyer (Iyer is plural form of Ayya or Aiah. Eg: Laxminarayanappayya)
Hebbar (Eg: Ganesh Hebbar,Vasudeva Hebbar),
Oja (Meaning Acharya. Eg: Maroja, Nattoja)
Rao (Eg: Shiva Rao)
Sharma (Eg: Narayana Sharma)
Shastry (Eg: Atmarama Shastry)
Upadyaya (Eg: Venkataramana Upadyaya)
Shanbhag (or Shyanubhoug) (Eg: Madhusoodan Shanbhag)

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Geographic distribution

The roots of this sect of Brahmins is Coastal Karnataka. In the South Kanara region, majority of the Sthanika Brahmins families have settled in Udupi, Alleoor, in & around Mangalore,Belthangady, Puttur-Sulia, Yellur, Bantwala, Karkala, Kundapur, Kabbinale, Rattady,Katpadi, Kasargod, Pavange, Saligrama, Bhramavara etc. Nowadays a lot of people belonging to this community have settled outside karnataka including Maharashtra and various parts of the world.

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Population

The population of this community is small (Expected to be around 30,000 - 35,000). Most of the Sthānika Brahmins prefix their native place name in front of their names and many of them have surnames. (Eg "Kabbinale Ganesh Hebbar" where Kabbinale is name of native village)

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Sthānika's Today

Although, Brahmins are restricted to their outlook on the material world, Sthanika Brahmins have retained their Smartha traditions and In addition to their earlier occupations, Sthanika's today have diversified into a variety of fields. Sthanika's today are Aggriculturists, Professors, Teachers, Doctors, Engineers, Priests, Businessmens, Entrepreneurs, Government and Bank Employees, Lawyers ,CA’s, MBA's, IT professional's you can find more than 100's as in India and abroad. ...,also in Udupi Restaurant Business,in Karnataka and mostly in all parts of Maharashtra.

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Deities and festivals

Sthānika's perform Panchayatana puja introduced by Adi Shankara and celebrate all the festivals of South Canara.As their Kula Devetha is Lord Subramanya, They also believe in Nagaradhane[3] and Bhoota Aradhane. They believe in Bhootas like, Kodmanthaya, Panjurli, Jumaadi, Bobbarryaa, Kallurti, Kalkuda which is widely followed in South Canara & parts of Kerala.

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Food

Sthanika Brahmins are Pure Vegitarians.

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Temples
Jnanashakthi Subramanya Temple, Pavanje, Haleangdi, D.K, Karnataka (On NH 17), India
Jnanashakthi Subramanya Temple, Jnanashakthi Nagara, Kodigehalli Post,Vishwaneedum, Bangalore- 560091, Karnataka, India, Ph:28535351.
Sri Sharada Temple, Kunjibettu, Udupi - 576102, Karnataka, India.
Sri Rajarajeshwari Temple, Matanthabettu,, Puttur, D.K., Karnataka.
Sri Vishnumurthi Temple, Battrapadi.D.K., Karnataka.
Sri Mahalingeshwara Temple, Guruvayanakere.D.K., Karnataka.
Sri Trishuluni - Durgaparameshwari Temple, Balapa, D.K. Karnataka.
Sri Laxminarayana Temple ,Kabbinale, D.K., Karnataka.
Sri Shrinivasa Temple, Talleki, Kadaba, D.K.
Sri Durga Parameshwari Temple, BaLpa, Sulia Taluk, D.K.

[edit]
Associations
Adwaitha Samithi - an inter communal registered association of pancha Dravida Brahmans has also been formed by the leaders of the community and has its own building Adwaitha Ashrama (Now Belongs to Sringeri Mutt), at Kotekar near Ullal, five miles to the south of Mangalore. [6]
Shri Subramanya Sabha, Founded about 99 years back and registered on 1942.
Sthanika Dravida Brahmana Sangha, Kunjibettu, Udupi, Karnataka. - 576101.
Akhila Bharata Sthanika Brahmana Sabha, Jnanashakthi Mantap, Kodigehalli post, Vishwaneedum, Bangalore.
Bangalore Sthanika Brahmana Sabha was founded in 1962-63,with 47 members,which got officially registered in the early 70's.
Shri Jnanashakthi Samskruthika Sabha, 87,Venkatadri, 9th Main, Saraswathipuram, Mysore - founded in 1977.
Sthanika Brahmana Sangha Hoskote (KUNDAPURA)

Apart from Mangalore, Udupi, Mysore and Bangalore they have their associations at Mumbai, Nashik, Satara,Karad, Sangli, Pune, Mysore, Hubli-Dharwad, Kasargod and USA.

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Publications

1. Sri Sharada (Kannada Monthly)

2. Sulagna (Kannada Monthly)

3. Sthanika (Kannada Monthly)

4. Sthanika Sampada (Kannada Monthly)

These publications, carries information about the happenings of the Community,like festivals, meetings, Religious programmes etc.

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Famous Personalities

Sanskrit and Vedic Scholars
Brahmashri K. Narayana Acharya - Vedic & Sanskrit Scholar
Brahmashri K. Ramakrishna Shastry - Vedic & Sanskrit Scholar
Brahmashri S. Seetharama Shastry (Dvivedi)- Vedic & Sanskrit Scholar
Brahmashri Bhagavatha Venkataramana Shastry - Vedic Scholar
Brahmashri Bhagamandala Padbhanabha Shastry - Vedic Scholar
Bhagamandala Bhaskara Shastry - Delampaadithaya of Dharmastala
Sri M.V Shastry - Sanskrit & Ayurveda Bhooshana

Freedom Fighters
Sri Gundu Rao - A Road in Mangalore is named as Gundu Rao road after Him
Sri Sundara Rao (Mangalore)
Sri K. L. Ramakrishna Rao

Politicians
Smt. Lalitha Rao - Ex. Health Minister - Maharastra Govt., India
Smt. Padmavathi Vittal Rao - MLC, Vidhanaparishat, Karnataka

Sahitya
Sri. Marpalli Haridasa Rao - Writer of " Balina Gida Kardambari "
Sri. Tudiyadka Vishnu Ayia - Sahitya, Yakshagana
Smt. Sharada R Rao - Tulu sahitya academy winner
Sri M Vyasa - Famous kannada Writer

Sangeetha
Sri. Anantha Padhbhanabha Shastry, Sahitya Shiromani
Sri. Kalinga Rao - Famous musician (Vocal)

Spiritual
H H Swami Brahmananda, Regional head of Chinmaya Mission of Karnataka [1]

Dance - Bharathanatya
Sri K. Ramamurthy Rao Mysore.

Sports

Famous Cricketer Ravi Shastri

Other Famous Personalities

Sri N.D Krishna Rao - Ex. Andhra High Court Judge
N. Jagannatha Rao - I.A.S Officer
K. Janardhana Rao- Artist & Catoonist
Vani Jayaram- Director, Canara Bank

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References
^ India :: Mauryan government - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
^ Ancient Karnataka History Of Tuluva Vol I, Dr. B.A Saletore, 1936
^ a b Tulunadu, Dr. P. Gururaja Bhat
^ Studies in Tuluva History and Culture by Dr P Gururaja Bhat (1975)
^ A Tale of Tuluva Brahmins: http://www.boloji.com/places/0019a.htm
^ Sthanikas of Kanara District (North & South), Cheera Nattoja Shiva Rao, Mangalore Press, 1944

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External links

History of Sthānika Brāhmins
Website of Shree Sharada Temple
Website of Shri Subramanya Sabha
www.Sthanika.Com
Dakshinamnaya Sri Sharada Peetham, Sringeri
Information about Sringeri Mutt
Adi Sankaracharya and Advaita Vedanta Library
Brahma sootra Shankara Bhashya
"Tatvāloka" an international English monthly magazine of Hindu religion
Website of Adhyatmaprakasha Karyalaya - ಅದ್ವೈತ ವೇದಾಂತ ಹಾಗೂ ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಕ್ಕೆ ಸಂಬಂಧಪಟ್ಟ ಪುಸ್ತಕಗಳು - ಕನ್ನಡದಲ್ಲಿ
List of teachers of Advaita Vedanta
Advaita Vedanta
Smarta Sampradaya Smartism

Brahmin communities

Adhyatmaprakasha Karyalaya

                                                                                                adithyamangalore@gmail.com

4 comments:

  1. have to add list of priest in sthanika brahmin...

    ReplyDelete
  2. have to add list of priest in sthanika brahmin...

    ReplyDelete
  3. In the freedom fighters column one more big personality and prominent social worker Late.Shri.Dr.M.S.ACHYUTHA SHARMA of KANKANADY MANGALORE to be added in the list.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Add that sthanika brahmins are the original TULU BRAHMINS having a history of more than 5000 years accto to the reference of shilapaddikaram a-tamil sangam sahiitya

    ReplyDelete